What is pathogenesis of pneumonia?
PATHOGENESIS. Pneumonia indicates an inflammatory process of the lung parenchyma caused by a microbial agent. The most common pathway for the microbial agent to reach the alveoli is by microaspiration of oropharyngeal secretions.
What are the four pathological stages of pneumonia?
Stages of Pneumonia
- Stage 1: Congestion. During the congestion phase, the lungs become very heavy and congested due to infectious fluid that has accumulated in the air sacs.
- Stage 2: Red hepatization.
- Stage 3: Gray hepatization.
- Stage 4: Resolution.
What are the 3 stages of pneumonia?
Stage 1: Congestion. Stage 2: Red hepatization. Stage 3: Grey hepatization. Stage 4: Resolution.
What is the pathophysiology of bronchopneumonia?
It occurs when viruses, bacteria, or fungi cause inflammation and infection in the alveoli (tiny air sacs) in the lungs. Bronchopneumonia is a type of pneumonia that causes inflammation in the alveoli. Someone with bronchopneumonia may have trouble breathing because their airways are constricted.
What Antibiotics treat pneumonia?
Healthy adults under 65 years with pneumonia are typically treated with a combination of amoxicillin plus a macrolide like Zithromax (azithromycin) or sometimes a tetracycline like Vibramycin (doxycycline).
What happens to your body when you have pneumonia?
The infection causes the lungs’ air sacs (alveoli) to become inflamed and fill up with fluid or pus. That can make it hard for the oxygen you breathe in to get into your bloodstream. The symptoms of pneumonia can range from mild to severe, and include cough, fever, chills, and trouble breathing.
What is the treatment for bronchopneumonia?
For viral bronchopneumonia, a doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication for people with the flu, or they may direct therapy at treating symptoms. Bronchopneumonia due to a virus typically clears up in 1 to 3 weeks . For people with fungal bronchopneumonia, a doctor may prescribe antifungal medication.
What is the pathophysiology of cough in pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. The air sacs may fill with fluid or pus (purulent material), causing cough with phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. A variety of organisms, including bacteria, viruses and fungi, can cause pneumonia.
Is coughing good for pneumonia?
Cough It Up Though it may not feel like it to you, coughing can be a good thing. It helps your body get rid of infection. Don’t suppress it with cough medicine. If your cough is keeping you from resting, check with your doctor.
Can Vicks cause pneumonia?
We report a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia from chronic, extranasal use of petrolatum ointment (Vicks VapoRub in this case) for nasal decongestion in a young woman, presenting with cough, dyspnea and fever. Exogenous Lipoid pneumonia is a rare condition, underdiagnosed and is more prevalent in adults.