What does Plutarch say about Lycurgus?
Unlike People, however, Plutarch’s Life of Lycurgus begins with a startling admission: “Concerning Lycurgus the lawgiver, in general, nothing can be said which is not disputed.” Plutarch’s work-around is to “follow those authors who are least contradicted, or who have the most notable witnesses for what they have …
What were Lycurgus three measures?
After his travels to Crete and elsewhere, Lycurgus brought to Sparta three innovations: Elders (gerusia), Redistribution of land, and. Common messes (meals).
What does Herodotus say about Lycurgus?
Herodotus says that Lycurgus changed “all the customs,” that he created the military organization, and instituted the ephorate and the council of elders.
What does Lycurgus do about slavery in Sparta?
The idea that Spartan women had to participate in physical exercise to produce strong Spartans came from King Lycurgus. Lycurgus thought the labour of slave women sufficient to supply clothing. He believed motherhood to be the most important function of freeborn woman.
Why did Sparta have 2 Kings?
Sparta was an oligarchy. The state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families, both supposedly descendants of Heracles and equal in authority, so that one could not act against the power and political enactments of his colleague.
What were Solon’s reforms?
He forbade the export of produce other than olive oil, minted new Athenian coinage on a more universal standard, reformed the standard of weights and measures, and granted immigrant craftsmen citizenship. Reforms also affected the political structure of Athens.
What was the major factor that forced the Spartans to devote themselves to their way of life?
The labor of the helots allowed Spartan men to devote themselves to full-time training for hoplite warfare in order to protect themselves from external enemies and to suppress helot rebellions, especially in Messenia.
Who was the most famous Spartan king?
Leonidas, the king of Sparta Leonidas (540-480 BC), the legendary king of Sparta, and the Battle of Thermopylae is one of the most brilliant events of the ancient Greek history, a great act of courage and self-sacrifice.
What were cleisthenes reforms?
Cleisthenes’ basic reform was to reorganize the entire citizen body into 10 new tribes, each of which was to contain elements drawn from the whole of Attica.
What are the sentiments of Plutarch and Lycurgus?
Their sentiments are quite different as to the family he came of, the voyages he undertook, the place and manner of his death, but most of all when they speak of the laws he made and the commonwealth which he founded.
Is there a text only version of Lycurgus?
Download:A 79k text-only version is available for download. Lycurgus (legendary, lived legendary, 9th century B.C.E.) By Plutarch Written 75 A.C.E. Translated by John Dryden
How old was Lycurgus at the time of Iphitus?
They cannot, by any means, be brought to an agreement as to the very age in which he lived; for some of them say that he flourished in the time of Iphitus, and that they two jointly contrived the ordinance for the cessation of arms during the solemnity of the Olympic games.
Who was the elder of the two Lycurgus?
Timaeus conjectures that there were two of this name, and in diverse times, but that the one of them being much more famous than the other, men gave to him the glory of the exploits of both; the elder of the two, according to him, was not long after Homer; and some are so particular as to say that he had seen him.