What are broadcasting distribution undertakings?
distribution undertaking means an undertaking for the reception of broadcasting and the retransmission thereof by radio waves or other means of telecommunication to more than one permanent or temporary residence or dwelling unit or to another such undertaking; (entreprise de distribution)
What is broadcast distribution?
Broadcasting is the distribution of audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic mass communications medium, but typically one using the electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves), in a one-to-many model.
What is BDU in media?
Broadcasting distribution undertakings (BDUs) provide subscription television services to Canadians. They distribute conventional television, discretionary and on-demand services.
What is a Canadian BDU?
Canadian multichannel television providers are legally referred to as broadcast distribution undertakings (BDUs). They must be licensed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) and comply with its policies, including those on the packaging of their services.
What is the purpose of broadcasting?
To inform, educate and entertain; to build a healthy national consciousness; to inspire a positive sense of shared national purpose; to create necessary ethical sensibilities – surely, all these must be among the purposes of the broadcasting profession.
What BDU means?
The Battle Dress Uniform (BDU) is a camouflaged combat uniform that was used by the United States Armed Forces as their standard combat uniform from the early 1980s to the mid-2000s. Since then, it has been replaced or supplanted in every branch of the U.S. Armed Forces.
What percentage of Canadians have cable?
Cable is still the most popular subscription TV service in Canada, though Ontarians slightly outpace the rest of English-speaking Canada, with 36% of homes having cable compared to 33% in the rest of the country.
Is Cadpat illegal?
It’s illegal for civilians to own or wear the camouflage CADPAT clothing, and it’s illegal for soldiers to sell it. For just a few hundred dollars it’s possible to buy a complete CADPAT uniform with name badge and rank insignia, making the person wearing it indistinguishable from a real Canadian soldier.
What are the general authorizations for broadcasting distribution?
A maximum of 25% of the local availabilities may be used to provide subscribers with information regarding customer service and channel realignments, and for the promotion of discretionary programming services and packages, cable FM service, additional cable outlets and non-programming services, including Internet and telephone services. 2.
Where do I report revenues from broadcasting and telephony services?
The CMF obligation is based on previous year’s revenue. Refer to Broadcasting Distribution Regulations, Sections 34 and 52 for more information on calculation of the obligation amount. Where do I report revenues from Internet and telephony services?
What are discretionary services carried by BDUs?
The discretionary services carried by BDUs have varying but significant levels of direct Canadian programming expenditures and often must also spend on specific types of programs, such as drama, documentaries or variety programming.
When do TV stations need to be included in the local package?
(a) Only local and regional television stations that were available to the subscribers on an over-the-air basis as of 10 November 2010 are to be included in the local package. Stations must provide their signals to broadcasting distribution undertaking (BDU) head-ends or up-link centres, by any means.