What causes infertility in males and females?

These may include: Abnormal sperm production or function due to undescended testicles, genetic defects, health problems such as diabetes, or infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, mumps or HIV. Enlarged veins in the testes (varicocele) also can affect the quality of sperm.

What are the main causes of infertility in females?

Who is at risk for female infertility?

  • Age.
  • Hormone issue that prevents ovulation.
  • Abnormal menstrual cycle.
  • Obesity.
  • Being underweight.
  • Having a low body-fat content from extreme exercise.
  • Endometriosis.
  • Structural problems (problems with the fallopian tubes, uterus or ovaries).

What is the most common reason for men’s infertility?

Sperm disorders Problems with making healthy sperm are the most common causes of male infertility. Sperm may be immature, abnormally shaped, or unable to swim. In some cases, you may not have enough sperm. Or you may not make any sperm.

How can a man tell if he is fertile?

Sperm and Semen Analysis A trained expert checks your sperm count, their shape, movement, and other characteristics. In general, if you have a higher number of normal-shaped sperm, it means you have higher fertility.

How can a woman know she is infertile?

The main symptom of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. A menstrual cycle that’s too long (35 days or more), too short (less than 21 days), irregular or absent can mean that you’re not ovulating. There might be no other signs or symptoms.

What color is healthy sperm?

Healthy semen is usually white or whitish gray in color. If your semen changes color, you may wonder if something is wrong with your health. Yellow semen may be nothing to worry about, but it may also be a sign of an underlying medical condition.

How can I check my sperm count at home?

Home sperm tests require ejaculation into a collection cup. While procedures vary for transferring semen and completing the test, results are typically available within a few minutes. The tests work by detecting a protein found only in sperm.

Can infertility be cured?

As far as female infertility is concerned, most doctors don’t refer to cures. Instead, doctors turn to treatments to overcome certain issues that might be stopping a woman from being able to conceive naturally, such as problems with ovulation.

How can I check if I am fertile?

Samples of your blood can be tested for a hormone called progesterone to check whether you’re ovulating.

  1. The timing of the test is based on how regular your periods are.
  2. If you have irregular periods, you’ll be offered a test to measure hormones called gonadotrophins, which stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs.

Does infertility affect men differently than women?

Some of the symptoms – such as infertility, vision problems, and headaches – may affect both sexes, but obviously some of the symptoms are different for men than for women. Men may experience erectile dysfunction, while women experience a loss of menstruation and unusual production of breast milk.

How to know if you might be infertile?

12 Potential Signs You May Have a Fertility Problem Irregular Menstrual Cycles. When menstruation begins, having irregular periods can be normal. Light or Heavy Bleeding and Cramps. Age (Older Than 35) Both female and male fertility declines with age. Male Infertility. Weight. Miscarriage Rate. Chronic Illnesses. Cancer. History of STIs. Smoking and Alcohol Use.

Do young men and women experience infertility?

Infertility is one of the hardest experiences a young couple can experience. When they are informed that they are unable to conceive children, both men and women tend to experience a profound sense of heartache, loss, and grief. Research shows that men and women regularly report that news of infertility was the most upsetting experience of their lives. And, according to Harvard Medical School, a study of 488 American women who filled out a standard psychological questionnaire before

What are signs of infertility?

Signs of infertility in women. In women, signs of infertility may include: Pain during sex, or dyspareunia, can be a sign of an underlying health problem that may influence a woman’s fertility. Examples of such health issues include infections, endometriosis, and fibroids.