How do you treat an orbital hematoma?

Decrease of vision or blindness caused by orbital hematoma may be improved through a lateral canthotomy as emergency measure and subsequently by draining the hematoma to relieve compression of the optic nerve.

What is a orbital hematoma?

Orbital hematoma is defined as a collection of blood inside the orbit, and the major adverse sequelae that develop arise because the orbit is a bony cone with tight fascial attachments holding the globe at its anterior edge.

What is Preseptal hematoma?

Specialty. Emergency medicine. A periorbital hematoma, commonly called a black eye or “a shiner” (associated with boxing or stick sports such as hockey), is bruising around the eye commonly due to an injury to the face rather than to the eye.

How do you manage Retrobulbar hemorrhage?

The majority of retrobulbar hemorrhages can be managed conservatively with digital ocular massage or intravenous acetazolamide or mannitol. However, further surgical intervention is indicated when vision is at risk.

Is hematoma serious?

Bruises generally are not serious. In contrast, a hematoma is a leakage from a larger blood vessel. The mark that it leaves might be dark blue or black, but it can also cause significant redness. More severe traumas cause hematomas, which may be serious and require medical treatment.

What is the difference between ecchymosis and hematoma?

A hematoma is defined as a solid swelling of clotted blood within the body’s tissues. Ecchymosis is a skin discoloration that results from bleeding underneath the skin and usually larger than 1 cm or . 4 inches.

Why do I have a periorbital hematoma?

Periorbital ecchymosis or raccoon eye is produced by blood tracking into periorbital tissues, causing blue or purple discoloration of the upper and lower eyelids, which is a frequent symptom after traumatic injuries to the head and neck, including basal skull fractures, soft tissue injuries, convexity fractures, and …

What causes Retrobulbar hematoma?

It may occur due to trauma, orbital surgery/injections, orbital vascular anomalies, and a variety of systemic predisposing factors. Signs of retrobulbar hemorrhage include proptosis, ophthalmoplegia, increased intraocular pressure, loss of pupillary reflexes, and optic disc or retinal pallor.

Will a hematoma go away by itself?

Hematomas usually clear on their own, slowly getting smaller over time as the accumulated blood is absorbed. It might take months for a large hematoma to be fully absorbed.

How to treat a hematoma in the preseptal space?

Preseptal hemorrhage. If the orbital hemorrhage occurs in the preseptal space, the clinician has the option of observing the hematoma or draining it. If the preseptal hematoma is expanding rapidly, then making a small drainage incision would be acceptable therapy.

How to diagnose preseptal and orbital cellulitis?

Diagnosis is based on history, examination, and CT or MRI. Treatment is with antibiotics and sometimes surgical drainage. Preseptal cellulitis and orbital cellulitis are distinct diseases that share a few clinical symptoms and signs. Preseptal cellulitis usually begins superficial to the orbital septum.

How to manage a patient with an orbital hemorrhage?

To manage a patient with an orbital hemorrhage, the anatomical localization of the blood is essential. Preseptal hemorrhage. If the orbital hemorrhage occurs in the preseptal space, the clinician has the option of observing the hematoma or draining it.

Is the ocular motility affected by preseptal infection?

Because preseptal infections are contained by the orbital septum, the extraocular muscles are not affected and ocular motility is undisturbed. Ophthalmoplegia and diplopia are worrisome signs and strongly suggest orbital invasion ( Figure 4 ).