What is the most common ophthalmic disease in horses?

Cataracts are opacities of the lens and are the most frequent congenital ocular defect in foals. Horses manifest varying degrees of blindness as cataracts mature.

What causes keratitis in horses?

Causes of Keratitis in Horses Researchers believe that keratitis in horses occurs when there is a severe corneal immune response to a microbial antigen, self-antigen or foreign protein. Horses diagnosed with keratitis will be classified into four different types based on the depth of the inflammatory response.

What is horse fungal keratitis?

Keratomycosis (i.e., fungal keratitis) refers to a corneal ulcer that has become infected with fungal organisms. The number of equine keratomycosis cases is increasing, possibly in part to the misuse of topical steroids.

What means keratitis?

Overview. Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea — the clear, dome-shaped tissue on the front of your eye that covers the pupil and iris. Keratitis may or may not be associated with an infection.

How do you know if your horse has eye problems?

Changes in the coloration of the eyeball (white or blue haze), hair loss and/or redness around the eye, and mild squinting are also indicative that something is wrong. It is common for horses to rub their eyes when there’s mild discomfort, and this conduct may exacerbate the initial problem.

What causes a horse to have a cloudy eye?

A milky appearance can indicate that a cataract is forming as a result of on-going inflammation. A cloudy look to the entire globe. Fungal infections and inflammatory disease can cause a horse’s eye to take on a hazy, bluish appearance.

How do you treat corneal edema in horses?

Atropine or other drugs designed to dilate the pupil, promote drainage of ocular fluid and reduce ocular pain are also commonly used. Additional systemic drugs used to lower intraocular pressure (e.g., mannitol) may be indicated in suspected glaucoma cases.

How do I know if my horse has moon blindness?

Symptoms of moon blindness include inflammation and redness of the eye area, murkiness or white discoloration of the eye, tearing, squinting, and profuse but clear tearing. The horse will be reluctant to be in bright sunlight. Although it may not be evident, the horse will be feeling pain from the symptoms.

What does it mean when a horse has a cloudy eye?