What is the most common complication found in patients with an atrial septal defect?

A large atrial septal defect can cause extra blood to overfill the lungs and overwork the right side of the heart. If not treated, the right side of the heart eventually enlarges and weakens. The blood pressure in your lungs can also increase, leading to pulmonary hypertension.

How does ASD affect blood flow?

With an ASD, the heart may be enlarged because the right atrium and ventricle have to handle larger amounts of blood flow than normal. Also, there may be changes that take place in the lungs due to extra blood flow that can be seen on an X-ray.

What is primum ASD associated with?

Ostium primum atrial septal defects (ASDs) are most commonly associated with Down syndrome (trisomy 21). The incidence of trisomy 21 is 1 per 800 live births, with an increased prevalence observed in children born to older mothers.

When should an ASD be closed?

ASD closure is indicated in the presence of a significant left-to-right shunt, defined by a significant right heart enlargement due to volume overload, regardless of symptoms (3,4).

Can you live a normal life after ASD closure?

Murphy and colleagues8 found that patients younger than 25 years experienced normal life expectancy after closure of ASD, while survival was reduced significantly and successively in age groups 25–41 and > 41 years compared with control groups.

Does ASD get bigger with age?

ASD growth was independent both of age at diagnosis and when indexed to body surface area. Conclusions: Two thirds of secundum ASDs may enlarge with time and there is the potential for secundum ASDs to outgrow transcatheter closure with specific devices.

How long does an ASD repair take?

The repair will take about 2 hours. The healthcare provider will insert a small, flexible tube (catheter) into an artery in the groin. This tube will have a small device inside it. The healthcare provider will thread the tube through the blood vessel all the way to the atrial septum.

What can I expect after ASD closure?

It takes about 6 weeks for a chest incision to heal. After that, if there are no problems and the doctor say it’s OK, your child should be fully recovered and able to return to normal activities. Heart surgery does leave a permanent scar on the chest.

When should ASD be closed?

Can a heart problem cause a person to faint?

Most of my patients don’t know that fainting can be caused by an arrhythmia, a problem with the signals that control the heartbeat. An arrhythmia causes an irregular heartbeat — fast, slow, skipping beats or fluttering. Some types of arrhythmia can increase the risk of heart failure, stroke or death.

Can a drop in blood pressure cause fainting?

In some cases, a severe fluid loss from vomiting or diarrhea can also cause fainting, because of the resulting drop in blood pressure. However, some forms of fainting can be deadly, especially if it occurs during exercise or if fainting is associated with heart damage or arrhythmias (heart rhythm disturbances).

Which is the most common cause of fainting in children?

Vasovagal syncope is the most common cause of fainting and is responsible for about 2/3 of all fainting spells in children and adults. Generally, these spells are caused by a sudden drop in blood pressure and sometimes a dramatic slowing of the heart rate, which markedly reduces oxygen delivery to the brain.

What does an atrial septal defect ( ASD ) mean?

Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) What is an atrial septal defect (ASD)? An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a hole in the septum, which is the muscular wall that separates the heart’s two upper chambers (atria). An ASD is a defect you are born with (congenital defect) that happens when the septum does not form properly.