What is the CPR ratio for an infant?

Two-person CPR for the adult victim will be 30 compressions to 2 breaths. Two-person CPR ratio for the child and infant will be 15 compressions to 2 breaths.

What is the correct chest compression depth for an infant?

Objective: For infant and child resuscitation, current basic life support guidelines recommend a compression depth of one third to one half of the anteroposterior chest diameter.

When do newborns need chest compressions?

The current neonatal resuscitation guidelines recommend to start CCs in a newborn infant if the heart rate remains <60 beats per minute despite adequate ventilation for 60 s [2,3].

What are the 5 steps for giving CPR to an infant?


  1. Shout and Tap. Shout and gently tap the child on the shoulder.
  2. Give 30 Compressions. Give 30 gentle chest compressions at the rate of 100-120/minute.
  3. Open The Airway. Open the airway using a head tilt lifting of chin.
  4. Give 2 Gentle Breaths.

What to do if an infant is choking?

Place 2 fingers on the middle of the breastbone just below the nipples. Give up to 5 quick thrusts down, compressing the chest one third to one half the depth of the chest. Continue 5 back blows followed by 5 chest thrusts until the object is dislodged or the infant loses alertness (becomes unconscious).

When performing CPR on an infant you can use 2 thumbs or put 2?

Introduction: Current guidelines recommend that single person cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) on an infant should be performed with two-fingers just below the inter-mammillary line with the hand clenched, while two-person CPR should be performed with two-thumbs with the hands encircling the chest.

What are the 6 parts of infant CPR?

In this Article

  • Check to see if the child is conscious.
  • Check breathing.
  • Begin chest compressions.
  • Do rescue breathing.
  • Repeat compressions and rescue breathing if the child is still not breathing.
  • Use an AED as soon as one is available.

Is baby OK After choking?

After any major choking episode, a child needs to go to the ER. Get emergency medical care for a child if: The child has a lasting cough, drooling, gagging, wheezing, trouble swallowing, or trouble breathing. The child turned blue, became limp, or was unconscious during the episode, even if he or she seemed to recover.

When performing chest compressions for an infant you can use 2 thumbs?

The 2-thumb–encircling hands technique (Figure 4) is recommended when CPR is provided by 2 rescuers. Encircle the infant’s chest with both hands; spread your fingers around the thorax, and place your thumbs together over the lower third of the sternum. Forcefully compress the sternum with your thumbs.

What to use when giving chest compressions to an infant?

When giving chest compressions to an infant, use two fingers When giving chest compressions to an infant, place two fingers: on the center of the chest, just below the nipple line When performing infant CPR, give chest compressions at the rate of at least 100 compressions per minute

What is the correct rate of compressions for infant CPR?

The proper rate of CPR chest compressions for infant, child and adult victims is 100 compressions per minute.

How far should a child’s chest be compressed during CPR?

Limit all interruptions to less than 10 seconds while performing CPR. It’s important to note: when performing chest compressions on a child, you should compress about 2 inches (5 cm) (at least one third AP diameter of the chest). Do not exceed 1/2 the depth of the child’s circumference.

When performing chest compressions on a child use?

A one-handed or two-handed chest compression technique can be used on a child in cardiac arrest. One-handed chest compressions. To perform chest compressions on a child with one hand. Place the heel of one of your hands in the middle of the victim’s chest. Press down and release fully to perform chest compressions at a rate of 100 – 120 a minute .