What is the best root stock for apple trees?

M25. M25 is the most vigorous apple rootstock. It produces a “”standard”” apple tree of up to 6m height after 10 years or so in good conditions, and is the best choice for old-fashioned traditional orchards, as well as locations with poor soils.

What is an M26 rootstock?

M26 is a semi dwarfing rootstock, producing a tree 2.5-3.5m (8-10ft) at maturity. The size is suited to smaller gardens, but like M9, the M26 rootstocks do not have a strong root system and require permanent support. After your trees are established, they do not need support. We grow most of our apple trees on MM106.

What rootstock is used for apples?

Apples come on range of rootstocks, identified by a number preceded by M or MM. MM106 is best for a mini-orchard, as trees reach just 3.5m wide, so can be planted closely. Choose M9 rootstock for a small apple tree about 2.5m tall. M26 is ideal for espaliers and cordons.

What is m111 root stock?

M-111 Apple Rootstock is one of the most vigorous and well-adapted of apple rootstocks, M-111 is a semi-standard tree reaching 80% of standard tree’s height, or 15-25 ft. tall but can easily be kept at a manageable height with summer pruning. Tolerates, wet, dry, or poor soils and induces bearing at a young age.

Do apple trees have deep roots?

Apple trees generally contain a few vertical, deep roots that grow straight down into the soil. These deep roots are able to reach deep moisture reserves to sustain the tree during times of drought and mine for nutrients. They also serve to anchor the tree to the ground during extreme weather.

What is rootstock m7?

M. 7 is a semi-dwarfing apple rootstock producing 50-60% of standard apple tree. It belongs to Malling series which was developed at the East Malling Station England. It is about 5-10% larger than M. 26 and twice the size of M.

What is MM rootstock?

The Malling series is a group of rootstocks for grafting apple trees. It was developed at the East Malling Research Station of the South-Eastern Agricultural College at Wye in Kent, England. Their first list had nine rootstock varieties, assigned the “type” numbers I–IX.

Can apple tree roots cause damage?

They can grow to block light, abrade the fabric of a building as they sway in the wind, damage fences by growing through them or cause damp. Roots can push up paving stones, fallen leaves can clog gutters and drains, and paths can be made slippy.

What is the life expectancy of an apple tree?

In planning your edible orchard, take into account that dwarf and semi-dwarf trees— available for most fruit types—usually have shorter life spans than standard varieties. For instance, standard apple and pear trees can easily live for over 50 years, whereas dwarf and semi-dwarf trees may only live for 15-25 years.

Can you plant store bought apple seeds?

That means the seeds from the fruit usually have genes from two different apple varieties, so if you buy a Pink Lady or Gala apple and plant the seeds, don’t expect identical fruits from the resulting tree. …

How tall does a mm 106 root stock get?

It grows well and reaches a final height of 10-15 feet, which depends on the cultivar used. MM 106 root-stock is a semi dwarf rootstock and produce a tree about 60%-70% of the tree produced on seedling.

Which is the best root stock for apple trees?

MM106 root-stock is the most popular root-stock in its category. It is a semi dwarf rootstock, slightly larger than Malling 7. It was released from East Malling and Merton research stations England. An Apple tree propagated on this root stock is well anchored and starts bearing fruits in 3-4 years.

Are there any P series apple rootstocks available?

Like the Russian series, they are expected to have some cold hardiness. The P-series was developed from crosses between M.9 and common Antonovka. These stocks have good resistance to collar rot. To date, only a limited number of these rootstocks are available.

Are there any virus free rootstocks for apples?

In a joint effort to produce virus free rootstocks, the East Malling and Long Ashton Stations in England used heat treatments to eliminate known viruses and released M.26 EMLA. In general, virus-free rootstocks are slightly more vigorous than the original that contains viruses.