What is synovial osteochondromatosis?

Synovial chondromatosis (also called synovial osteochondromatosis) is a rare, benign (noncancerous) condition that involves the synovium, which is the thin layer of tissue that lines the joints. Synovial chondromatosis can arise in any joint in the body, but most commonly occurs in the knee.

How rare is synovial osteochondromatosis?

1 Introduction. Synovial osteochondromatosis (SOC) is a monoarticular, synovial, proliferative disorder. It is a rare entity which presents with multiple cartilaginous nodules in synovial joints, bursae or tendon sheaths. SOC most commonly involves knee joint with a frequency of 50% to 65%.

Is synovial Chondromatosis a tumor?

Synovial chondromatosis (also known as synovial osteochondromatosis) is a benign soft tissue tumor that can develop around any joint, but in most cases, affects the knee joint.

Is synovial Chondromatosis genetic?

The condition is not inherited . Synovial chondromatosis can reportedly occur as either a primary or secondary form. Primary synovial chondromatosis, which is more rare, occurs spontaneously and does not appear to relate to any pre-existing conditions.

Is synovial Chondromatosis a disability?

Synovial chondromatosis typically presents with large joint effusion(s), and joints may appear deformed due to swelling or synovial hypertrophy. Synovial chondromatosis can result in severe disability and dysfunction. However, most cases are benign and this condition rarely undergoes malignant transformation.

How do you treat synovitis?

Treatment for synovitis includes rest, ice, immobilization and oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, and may include steroid injections into the joint. Surgery may be indicated in longstanding cases.

Does synovial tissue grow back?

Synovial membrane does regenerate after typical synovectomy.

What diseases affect synovial joints?

Joint Disease Types

  • Osteoarthritis. The most common type, osteoarthritis is the “wear-and-tear” form that increases with age.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition affect the lining of the joints.
  • Spondyloarthritis.
  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis.
  • Lupus.
  • Gout.
  • Bursitis.

Where does synovitis hurt?

The main symptom of synovitis is joint pain, accompanied by warmth, swelling, and stiffness that’s worse in the morning. You may feel synovitis symptoms in different joints at different times.

Does synovitis ever go away?

Synovitis can go away on its own, but if the symptoms linger, treatment may be necessary. Treatment for synovitis depends on the underlying cause. In most cases, treatments are geared to decrease inflammation, lessen swelling, and manage pain.

How painful is synovitis?

Introduction. Synovitis is a medical condition characterized by the inflammation of the synovial membrane, which lines the joints possessing cavities, namely synovial joints. The condition is accompanied by the fluid collection in a synovial sac and is usually painful, especially when in motion.

Is synovitis an autoimmune disease?

It is an inherited auto-inflammatory disorder that may also be considered an autoimmune disease. Chronic synovitis – a general term describing diseases involving joint inflammation in children.

What does it mean to have Synovial osteochondromatosis?

Synovial osteochondromatosis also called synovial chondromatosis, primary synovial chondromatosis or synovial chondrometaplasia, is a rare benign (noncancerous) condition that creates a benign change or proliferation in the synovium (the thin layer of tissue that lines the joints), which changes to form bone-forming cartilage.

Is there a cure for synovial osteochondromatosis?

Treatment of synovial osteochondromatosis usually consists of removal of the intra-articular bodies with or without synovectomy, but local recurrence is not uncommon, occurring in ~12.5% (range 3-23%) of cases 6).

What kind of disease is synovial chondromatosis?

Synovial chondromatosis (osteochondromatosis or synovial chondrometaplasia) also known as Reichel syndrome, is a disorder characterized by loose cartilaginous bodies which may, or may not be calcified or ossified.

How does Synovial osteochondromatosis occur in cats?

Synovial osteochondromas are islands of cartilage produced by the synovial membrane. Foci of cartilage become pedunculated and may become separated to form loose bodies within the joint. Reports of synovial osteochondromatosis in cats suggest that Burmese cats are overrepresented.