What is conventional TACE?

The concept of conventional TACE (cTACE) is the selective obstruction of tumor-feeding artery by injection of chemotherapeutic agents, leading to ischemic necrosis of the target tumor via cytotoxic and ischemic effects.

What is TACE for liver?

Transarterial chemoembolization or TACE combines the local delivery of chemotherapy with a procedure called embolization to treat cancer, most often of the liver. It is a non-surgical and minimally invasive procedure performed in radiology, usually by an interventional radiologist.

What is TACE for HCC?

Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is currently the most common approach for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) without curative options. TACE consists of the injection of anticancer drugs with or without lipiodol into the hepatic artery, followed by the administration of embolizing agents.

What is DC beads?

DC Beadâ„¢ is a loadable microsphere product primarily intended as an embolic agent for the local treatment of malignant hypervascularised tumour(s) in the liver and also intended to embolise the vessels supplying malignant colorectal cancer metastasised to the liver (mCRC).

How long do TACE side effects last?

Side effects can last for 3 to 4 weeks after embolization. You will likely start to feel them in the first hours or days after you get it. Patients who get TACE feel side effects from their chemotherapy. Most side effects of chemotherapy are delayed and may not appear until 1 or 2 weeks after your procedure.

What is a deb procedure?

During the DEB-TACE procedure, very small beads are mixed in with a chemotherapy drug, doxorubicin, and delivered to the tumor through an arterial catheter. The DEB-TACE procedure allows the treatment to be delivered directly into the liver.

Is liver embolization painful?

The area where the catheter was put through your skin into your artery (the puncture site) may be sore for a day or two after the procedure. You will probably have a bruise for at least a week. You may feel like you have influenza (flu) and may feel tired and have a low fever and an upset stomach.

What is the difference between TACE and Y90?

Y90 is better tolerated with a smaller side effect profile when compared to TACE therapy. However, Y90 is an expensive treatment option, which isn’t feasible for certain patient populations, such as those on Medicaid. Y90 is a very well-tolerated procedure.

When do you use TACE?

According to the Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging system, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is the first-line treatment for patients with intermediate stage HCC, including those with large or multinodular HCC, well-preserved liver function, and no cancer-related symptoms or evidence of vascular …

How are drug eluting beads used in embolization?

Drug-eluting bead chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) Drug-eluting bead chemoembolization combines TACE embolization with drug-eluting beads (tiny beads that contain a chemotherapy drug). The procedure is essentially the same as TACE except that the artery is blocked after drug-eluting beads are injected.

How is embolization therapy used to treat liver cancer?

Embolization Therapy for Liver Cancer Embolization is a procedure that injects substances directly into an artery in the liver to block or reduce the blood flow to a tumor in the liver. The liver is special in that it has 2 blood supplies.

Are there any side effects to liver embolization?

Side effects of embolization. Because healthy liver tissue can be affected, there is a risk that liver function will get worse after embolization. This risk is higher if a large branch of the hepatic artery is embolized. Serious complications are not common, but they are possible.

How are radioactive beads used to treat liver cancer?

This is done by injecting small beads (called microspheres) that have a radioactive isotope (yttrium-90 or Y-90) attached to them into the hepatic artery. Once infused, the beads lodge in the blood vessels near the tumor, where they give off small amounts of radiation to the tumor site for several days.