What is cleft sinus?

Also, known as a cleft sinus, a branchial cleft cyst is a lump that develops in the neck or just below the collarbone. Branchial cleft cysts form during development of the embryo. They occur when tissues in the neck and collarbone area (branchial cleft) fail to develop normally.

Is branchial sinus rare?

These are cysts around the earlobe or under the jaw, with an opening below the jaw and above the larynx, or voice box. This type is rare.

What is branchial sinus?

When there is an opening in the skin it is called a branchial cleft sinus. They can arise from remnants of the first, second, or third branchial arches. Most of the branchial cysts are of 2nd cleft origin and occur in the neck on the anterior border of the sternocleidomastoid muscle in the carotid triangle.

What is cervical sinus?

sinus cervicalis. Anatomical terminology. During human embryogenesis, the mandibular arch and hyoid arch grow more rapidly than those behind them, with the result that the latter become, to a certain extent, telescoped within the former, and a deep depression, the cervical sinus, is formed on either side of the neck.

What kind of doctor treats branchial cleft cyst?

Referral to an otolaryngologist for surgical excision is indicated.

Is a branchial cleft cyst rare?

Branchial cleft cyst is a rare disease of the head and neck. Because of its rarity, it is often misdiagnosed. Although present at birth, many cases do not become evident until later in childhood or adolescence, with an initial clinical presentation in adulthood being encountered rarely.

Do branchial cysts have to be removed?

The treatment for branchial cleft cysts and sinus tracts is surgical removal. There is no known medical therapy with the exception that infected branchial cleft cysts and sinus tracts do require initial antibiotic treatment. The infection should be resolved before surgery is performed.

Can a branchial cyst be cancerous?

Branchial cleft cyst carcinoma (BCCC) is a rare malignancy originating from cells within the cyst, located in anterior aspect of sternocleidomastoid muscle, posterior to submandibular gland and lateral to carotid sheath. Initially described by Volkmann in 1882, it was better defined by Martin et al.

What is the meaning of branchial?

: of, relating to, or supplying the gills or associated structures or their embryonic precursors.

What causes persistent cervical sinus?

The cause is usually a developmental abnormality arising in the early prenatal period, typically failure of obliteration of the second, third, and fourth branchial cleft, i.e. failure of fusion of the second branchial arches and epicardial ridge in lower part of the neck.

Can cervical spondylosis cause sinusitis?

This vertebrae alone can cause major conditions that can range from sinus issues and congestion to increased blood pressure and severe migraine headaches.

Should branchial cleft cyst be removed?