What is a central venous line used for?
What is a central venous catheter, and why is it used? A central venous catheter, also known as a central line, is a tube that doctors place in a large vein in the neck, chest, groin, or arm to give fluids, blood, or medications or to do medical tests quickly.
Which veins are central venous sites?
The internal jugular vein, common femoral vein, and subclavian veins are the preferred sites for temporary central venous catheter placement. Additionally, for mid-term and long-term central venous access, the basilic and brachial veins are utilized for peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs).
Why are central lines inserted?
Why is it necessary? A central line is necessary when you need drugs given through your veins over a long period of time, or when you need kidney dialysis. In these cases, a central line is easier and less painful than having needles put in your veins each time you need therapy.
What is the meaning of central venous line?
Central venous line: A catheter (tube) that is passed through a vein to end up in the thoracic (chest) portion of the vena cava (the large vein returning blood to the heart) or in the right atrium of the heart.
What are the indications for a central venous line?
Some indications for central venous line placement include fluid resuscitation, blood transfusion, drug infusion, central venous pressure monitoring, pulmonary artery catheterization, emergency venous access for patients in which peripheral access cannot be obtained, and transvenous pacing wire placement.
What is normal CVP range?
A normal central venous pressure reading is between 8 to 12 mmHg. This value is altered by volume status and/or venous compliance.
What are the complications of central venous line?
Complications of central venous cannulation
- Failure of procedure.
- Retroperitoneal haematoma.
- Arterial puncture.
- Local haematoma.
- Guidewire-induced arrhythmia.
- Thoracic duct injury.