What does the term karst refer to?

: an irregular limestone region with sinkholes, underground streams, and caverns.

What and where is a karst?

Karst is an area of land made up of limestone. Karst landscapes can be worn away from the top or dissolved from a weak point inside the rock. Karst landscapes feature caves, underground streams and sinkholes on the surface.

What is meant by karst landform?

Karst, terrain usually characterized by barren, rocky ground, caves, sinkholes, underground rivers, and the absence of surface streams and lakes. It results from the excavating effects of underground water on massive soluble limestone.

What is a karst landscape simple definition?

Karst is a landscape with distinctive hydrology and landforms that arise when the underlying rock is soluble. Karst landscapes may have sinkholes, caves, enclosed depressions, disappearing streams, springs and sinkholes.

Where did the term karst originate?

The term karst derived of the name of the plateau in the background of the Bay of Trieste (Adriatic Sea) lying (the great part) in Slovenia and in Italy. The name of the plateau is Kras in Slovene, Carso in Italian and Karst in German.

Where did the term karst come from?

The word ‘karst’ has its origins in pre-Indo-European languages, from kar, meaning ‘rock’. In Slovenia the word ‘kras’ (or ‘krs’), subsequently germanicized as ‘Karst’, derives from the name of a barren stony limestone area near Trieste, which is still considered the type area for limestone karst.

What makes karst unique?

Karst is a special type of landscape that is formed by the dissolution of soluble rocks, including limestone and dolomite. Karst regions contain aquifers that are capable of providing large supplies of water. More than 25 percent of the world’s population either lives on or obtains its water from karst aquifers.

How is a karst formed?

‘Karst’ is a distinct landform shaped largely by the dissolving action of water on carbonate rock such as limestone, dolomite and marble.

What are karst features?

Karst is a type of landscape where the dissolving of the bedrock has created sinkholes, sinking streams, caves, springs, and other characteristic features. Karst is associated with soluble rock types such as limestone, marble, and gypsum.

Which karst landforms is largest in size?

The correct answer is Polje. Karst is a landscape which is underlain by limestone which has been eroded by dissolution, producing towers, fissures etc. A Polje Karst is a large flat plain found in karstic geological regions of the world, with areas usually 5–400 km2.

How do humans use karst landscapes?

Today, karst environments continue to be used for special events and activities. Weddings and religious ceremonies are regularly conducted in caves, and in Australia (or indeed, any other part of the western world) it is rare for a cave to not have a ‘cathedral chamber’.

How are karst formed?

Karst is associated with soluble rock types such as limestone, marble, and gypsum. In general, a typical karst landscape forms when much of the water falling on the surface interacts with and enters the subsurface through cracks, fractures, and holes that have been dissolved into the bedrock.

What does the term “Karst” mean?

Features of a Karst Landscape. The term “karst” is derived from a Slavic word that means barren, stony ground. It is also the name of a region in modern Slovenia near the border with Italy that is well known for its sinkholes and springs. The name has been adopted by geologists as the term for all such terrane.

What on Earth is the karst?

Karst is an area of land made up of limestone . Limestone, also known as chalk or calcium carbonate, is a soft rock that dissolves in water. As rainwater seeps into the rock, it slowly erodes.

Which rocks most commonly form karst landforms?

Of the karst-forming rocks, the carbonates (dolostone and limestone) are much more abundant than evaporites (mostly deposits of gypsum and anhydrite), therefore karst landscapes are most often found in regions underlain by carbonate rocks.

What are common Karst landforms?

Enclosed depressions (including sinkholes and dolines)

  • Sinking streams or swallow holes
  • Springs
  • Dry valleys
  • Caves
  • Turloughs
  • Estevelles
  • Limestone pavement
  • Epikarst