Is vitamin K injection necessary for newborns?

All babies lack sufficient vitamin K at birth, putting them at risk for severe bleeding in the brain or intestines until they get the vitamin by eating solid foods, typically around six months of age. The vitamin is essential for blood clotting, and a vitamin K injection after birth eliminates this bleeding risk.

Why do babies get vitamin K at birth?

Low levels of vitamin K can lead to dangerous bleeding in newborns and infants. The vitamin K given at birth provides protection against bleeding that could occur because of low levels of this essential vitamin. Below are some commonly asked questions and their answers.

Can a baby be circumcised without vitamin K?

Due to the increased risk that a child will hemorrhage, hospitals may not permit a baby to be circumcised if parents decline the vitamin K injection. Some pediatricians refuse to accept babies whose parents decline the shot as patients.

Which vitamin is given to a newborn within minutes of birth?

One routine practice in these early minutes after birth is the administration of vitamin K. Vitamin K is essential to help newborns’ blood to clot normally, and it is given as a shot within minutes to hours of birth to make sure a newborn has enough vitamin K to prevent any silent internal bleeding.

Why do parents refuse vitamin K and erythromycin?

Parents typically refuse IM vitamin K because of information they find on the Internet, citing concerns over synthetic or toxic ingredients, “excessively” high doses, and the belief that it is “unnatural.” In a recent study,14 many parents who refused knew there were risks of bleeding associated with refusal of vitamin …

What happens if a baby does not have enough vitamin K?

Vitamin K deficiency bleeding or VKDB, is a condition that occurs when the baby does not have enough Vitamin K. Without enough vitamin K, your baby has a chance of bleeding into his or her intestines, and brain, which can lead to brain damage and even death.

Is there a newborn nursery with vitamin K?

Stanford Medicine Newborn Nursery – at Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. The success of vitamin K prophylaxis has been so dramatic that many practitioners have never seen an infant afflicted with “Hemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn,” now known as “Vitamin K Deficient Bleeding.”.

When does vitamin K deficiency lead to VKDB?

Babies are born with very small amounts of vitamin K stored in their bodies, which can lead to serious bleeding problems if not supplemented. Infants who do not receive the vitamin K shot at birth can develop VKDB at any time up to 6 months of age.

When do you start bleeding from vitamin K deficiency?

When bleeding happens because of low levels of vitamin K, this is called “vitamin K deficiency bleeding” or VKDB. VKDB is a serious and potentially life-threatening cause of bleeding in infants up to 6 months of age.